A language used as a native tongue by a group of speakers, such as English, Spanish, Mandarin, etc., is referred to as a natural language. In contrast to a programming language which is constructed, natural language is developed naturally over time through being used by humans. The biggest challenge for artificial intelligence, when it comes to processing natural language, is the ambiguity of the latter, which requires much training to be correctly interpreted by the model.
Natural Language Processing (NLP)
Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a branch of computer science that enables machines to interpret and comprehend human language for various tasks.
Natural Language Understanding (NLU)
NLU is a field of knowledge focused on the ability of computers to understand the meaning and context of human language.
Text summarization in AI is a task of condensing a text document into its most crucial information, often resulting in a shorter version.